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Documentary about social anxiety disorder.
Anyone has emotions in specific social contexts: when speaking in front of the class, take an exam or go to an interview, you have to give a presentation in front of important people. Some people say about them that they are “shy” and sometimes find it difficult to cope with social situations.
But for a person with social anxiety, situations that most people find natural, can be a real ordeal.
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Social Anxiety Documentary: Afraid of People now
Social Phobia (or anxiety) is manifested by excessive fear of a person not to embarrass or not to be judged negatively by others. This fear may occur in different social contexts: some are afraid to write in front of other people, others are afraid to eat or drink in front of others. For some people with social anxiety, a professional meeting may create concerns long before it took place, and even after it has occurred.
Social anxiety is not just an “excessive shyness”, but is a disorder that can affect a person’s life in the professional and personal. All cases which could jeopardize social, social anxiety person, believes that he can not cope.
Social anxiety usually occurs in childhood to adolescence – around the age of 13. Without special treatment, the disorder can persist even his life.
Often the problem is minimized by others (“He’s not a sociable child,” “He’s very shy”, etc.), which makes the treatment to be delayed even for years.
Who develops social anxiety?
Empirical research and clinical experience demonstrates that there are many factors involved in the development of social anxiety: biological factors, environmental factors, family factors, etc…
An important role is family (or loved ones) by transmitting messages that can be “base” for developing this type of anxiety (Rapee, Heimberg, Turk, Lerner, 2001).
In general, people with social anxiety come from families in which parents (or significant others) were hyper-protective, thus sending the message that the person is not competent enough to handle social situations. Also, the child gets the message that how others perceive you is important (“other people’s opinions matter”).
Thus, some people form their two dysfunctional beliefs about the self and others:
A. People tend to evaluate others in a critical and negative manner
B. It is very important that people like you / have a good opinion about you
These two beliefs will contribute to the development of social anxiety disorder.
What are the most common symptoms?
In general, people with social anxiety:
* Have an intense fear of not embarrass in front of others
* They worry about how they feel and how they will behave in front of others
* They fear that others will judge or “will realize” how they truly are
* Felt intense fear around other people, especially around people they consider important or persons unknown
* Try to avoid places where there are many people
* Have difficulty making friends or maintaining social relationships
* The physical symptoms (heartbeat, sweating, flushing, abdominal discomfort, muscle tension and tremors, etc.) in specific social contexts in which they feel anxious
These are just some of the features of social anxiety disorder.
Social anxiety affects thinking, mood and behavior. Also, keep dysfunctional behavior disorder and creates in return a number of problems: dropping out of school or job loss, difficulty in starting and maintaining an intimate relationship, difficulties in developing a career, etc..
Treatment of social anxiety disorder: cognitive – behavioral therapy
Social anxiety treatment Cognitive behavioral therapy has as objective a decrease in anxiety and hypervigilance, symptom management and decrease anxiety in social situations.
The cognitive behavioral therapy is done in collaboration with the client and depending on its features, but usually includes the following steps:
1. Assessment and case formulation (diagnosis, identification of dysfunctional beliefs, identifying stimuli / anxious situations, identifying automatic anxiety thoughts, identifying behaviors maintenance – insurance and avoid, identify other mechanisms that help maintain disorder) therapeutic goal setting
2. Socialization to treatment (explaining how cognitive behavioral therapy works, the execution of the intervention)
3. Cognitive interventions: identifying, monitoring and restructuring negative automatic thoughts (“I’ll make a fool”, “will laugh at me”, etc.)
4. Management of physiological symptoms (breathing exercises, muscle relaxation)
6. Social skills training (eg establishing and maintaining eye contact, active listening, initiating a conversation, etc.)
7. Therapy completion and implementation of the plan to maintain progress
Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy has a high degree of effectiveness in the treatment of social anxiety, as clinical trials. Furthermore, research has demonstrated sustained positive effects obtained in therapy after 5 years of completing the intervention.